|Abstract of Paper|
A Linear Time Algorithm For 7-Coloring 1-Planar Graphs
by Zhi-Zhong Chen, Mitsuharu Kouno
A graph G is 1-planar if it can be embedded in the plane in such a way that each edge crosses at most one other edge. Borodin showed that 1-planar graphs are 6-colorable, but his proof does not lead to an efficient algorithm. This paper presents a linear-time algorithm for 7-coloring 1-planar graphs. The main difficulty in the design of our algorithm comes from the fact that the class of 1-planar graphs is not closed under the operation of edge contraction. This difficulty is overcome by a structure lemma that may find useful in other problems on 1-planar graphs. This paper also shows that it is NP-complete to decide whether a given 1-planar graph is 4-colorable. The complexity of the problem of deciding whether a given 1-planar graph is 5-colorable is still unknown.